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Glossary of Terms

Chesed Shel–Emet
Act of “true kindness.” Helping to bury the dead is a kindness that can never be repaid, and falls in this category.
 
Chevra Kaddisha
The Holy Society that prepares a body for burial, and performs the rite of Tahara.
Halacha, Jewish Law. "The Way"
 
Kaddish
prayer of divine affirmation, recited by mourners.
 
Keriah
Rending of the garment worn by the mourner.
 
Kevod Hamet
Respect for the dead. Treating the dead with utmost respect is basic to the entire Jewish approach to burial practice
 
Kipah
Skull cap. (Plural: Kipot).
 
Minyan
Required number (10) of Jewish adults who must be present for recitation of the Kaddish.
 
Mitzvah
Commandment; an act of loving-kindness.
 
Pikuach Nefesh
“Saving a life”; a special Mitzvah which takes precedence above others.
 
Sheloshim
The 30–day period of mourning that begins immediately after interment.
 
Shemirah
“Guard duty.” Because of respect for the deceased, the body is never left alone from death through interment.
 
Shiva
The seven–day period of intense mourning that begins after interment. The first seven days of Sheloshim.
 
Shomer
The person who sits with the deceased through burial.
 
Tachrichim
Burial garments.
 
Tahara
The ritual cleansing of the body of the deceased.
 
Tzedakah
An act of righteousness; a charitable contribution.
 
Yahrzeit
Jewish calendar anniversary of a death.
 
Yizkor
Memorial service at which special prayers are recited on Yom Kippur, Shemini Atzeret, Pesach (8th day), and Shavuot (2nd day).
 
Tue, January 26 2021 13 Shevat 5781